Conference Information and Programme (updated)

Posted by CULC on Tue 25 April 2017

1st Cyprus Undergraduate Linguistics Conference

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Conference Information and Programme

26 April 2017

University of Cyprus, New Campus

https://culc.ucy.ac.cy/

Under the auspices of

the Department of English Studies – Linguistics Sector, University of Cyprus

Conference Academic Advisor: Associate Professor Phoevos Panagiotidis

About the conference

The Linguistics Section of the Department of English Studies at the University of Cyprus is pleased to announce the 1st Cyprus Undergraduate Linguistics Conference (CULC), which will be held at the University of Cyprus (New Campus) on the 26th April 2017 from 9:00 am to 2:00 pm.

CULC continues the Department’s tradition of organising conferences for undergraduate students, namely the Generative Approaches to Contrastive Linguistics (GACL) conference series, in particular GACL2, GACL‑3 & GACL‑4 (2008, 2009 & 2010 respectively).

The aim of CULC to provide the opportunity to students with a passion in linguistics and interesting ideas to share, discuss, and inspire one another through their work and the work of their peers.

CULC is organised by undergraduate students for undergraduate students.

Who can attend the conference?

The conference is open to everyone to attend.

Certification for Attendance will be provided

Why should I attend as audience?

There are many reasons for wishing to participate in such a conference (ranked differently for different individuals):

it is a great opportunity to learn more on interesting topics related to language;

conferences are great venues for networking and exchanging ideas;

I can participate by asking questions during the discussion session;

attending conferences strengthens my CV

I want to support my peers who will be presenting;

beverages and snacks will be provided during the break;

it’s free.

Is there a fee for attending or participating?

There is no participation or attendance fee, i.e. you do not need to pay anything either as a speaker or as a member of the audience.

Organising committee

  • Students of the “ENG549 Experimental methods in linguistic research” course (Department of English Studies, University of Cyprus, Spring Semester 2016–2017)

  • Dr Spyros Armostis (supervising)

Scientific committee

    • Kornilia Theodorou
  • Georgia Kyriakou

  • Kyriaki Manoli

  • Andrea Kontou

  • Marianna Chatzigianni

  • Christodoulos Nikolaou

  • Vassos Christodoulou

  • Dr Spyros Armostis (advising)

  • Professor Phoevos Panagiotidis (advising)

Best paper award

The best research presented will receive an award from the Cyprus Linguistics Society during the closing ceremony.

Contact us

For more information consult our Conference website at https://culc.ucy.ac.cy/ and our Facebook page at https://www.facebook.com/1stCULC/ —or contact the Organising Committee at culc@ucy.ac.cy.

Conference programme


Room B108

Room B109

09:00–09:30

Registration (Room B105)

09:30–10:00

Opening


Session 1

Chair: Kornilia Theodorou

Chair: Christina Yiannou

10:00–10:30

The use of Cypriot Greek in media space

Andrea Kontou, Kyriaki Manoli, Marianna Chatzigianni

Ta ɾiˈaʝːa, ɾiˈaʎːa: Aspects of Yeísmo in Cyprus

Demetris Karayiannis, Andreas Pingouras

10:30–11:00

Cypriot Greek in Facebook advertisements: Would you buy it?

Marilena Adamidou

Cypriot Greek Geminates in Political Speech

Irene Chrysostomou, Antroula Erotokritou, Christodoulos Nikolaou

11:00–11:30

Greek Heritage Speakers in the USA: An examination of language and identity

Christiana Metaxas

The perception of CG geminates by SMG speakers

Effrosyni Andreou, Evi Economou, Jasmine Goudelis

11:30–12:00

Break (Room B105)


Session 2

Chair: Andrea Kontou

Chair: Andreas Pingouras

12:00–12:30

The Acquisition of Preposition Placement by L1-Cypriot-Greek EFL speakers

Kornilia Theodorou, Georgia Kyriakou, Irene Chrysostomou

Φύλο, γλώσσα και κουίαρ ενδεχόμενα: Μια ε­ξε­ρεύνηση μεταμοντέρνων και κουίαρ θε­ω­ρη­­­τι­κοποιήσεων και πρακτικών στη γλώσσα

Δέσποινα Μιχαηλίδου

12:30–13:00

Phoneme restoration of missing speech sounds in Greek

Marina Christofi, Christina Yiannou, Eirini Christodoulidou

CANCELLED

13:00–13:30

Contrastive study of the French prepositions pendant, depuis, pour

Christina Stylianidou

Language and Song: Arguments for a Complementary Relationship

Vasilis Christodoulou

13:30–14:00

Closing Ceremony

All Rooms are in the ΧΩΔ02 building.

The abstracts for the above presentations (sorted alphabetically according to first author’s surname) can be found in the following pages.

Abstracts

Cypriot Greek in Facebook advertisements: Would you buy it?

Marilena Adamidou

Department of Business and Public Administration, University of Cyprus

Being diglossic, the Greek Cypriot community uses Cypriot Greek (CG) for informal communication and Standard Greek (SG) in more formal contexts. Speakers also have different attitudes towards these two Greek varieties (Papapavlou 2005). In addition, CG is not generally used in the media, except for humoristic purposes, and not in advertising, except for oral advertisements of traditional, local products (Pavlou 2004). However, research is needed to uncover the not-so-straightforward use of the two varieties in Cyprus.

When using CG in advertising, an emotional appeal is created for the receiver of the message (see Pavlou 2004). This study examines what happens when Cypriot Greek is used in written form, on Facebook, for advertising an online service which is a low-involvement product, i.e., when the cost for buying the product and the risk are not high for the consumer.

A five-week experiment was conducted under real circumstances on Facebook. Pairs of advertisements for the same product (one in SG and another in CG) were designed and run on Facebook. The data are now being analysed. At first glance, it seems that in many cases CG advertisements were much more effective than those in SG, but the conversion rate was in many cases the same, or lower for advertisements in CG. Taking into consideration the criteria according to which Facebook serves the advertisements to its users, this possibly means that CG advertisements are much more engaging, but less convincing to the users.

References

Papapavlou, Andreas (2005). Attitudes toward the Greek Cypriot dialect: Socio-cultural implications. In Contemporary Sociolinguistic Issues in Cyprus. Thessaloniki: University Studio Press, 53–64.

Pavlou, Pavlos (2004). Greek dialect in the mass media in Cyprus. In International Journal of the Sociology of Language 168, 101–118.

The perception of CG geminates by SMG speakers

Effrosyni Andreou, Evi Economou, Jasmine Goudelis

Department of English Studies, University of Cyprus

There are many significant differences between Standard Modern Greek (SMG), and Cypriot Greek (CG). In this research, we are interested in geminates which exist in CG but not in SMG and which are pronounced with longer duration (and in the case of plosives, with also longer aspiration) compared to their singleton counterparts. Specifically, we are focusing on the voiceless plosives /p/, /t/, /k/, and on the two liquids /l/ and /ɾ/. We used ten minimal pairs of words differing only in gemination. Some of the words exist in SMG, but others do not. The subjects of the study are twenty-one adults; seven of them are speakers of the CG dialect and the remaining fourteen are speakers of SMG. SMG speakers are divided equally to those who are currently staying in Cyprus and to those who live in Greece. Our aim is to investigate whether the participants of SMG can perceive the gemination contrast without being influenced by the context of the sentence. Hence, we used the same sentence for all twenty words. Moreover, we measure the amount of time the subjects need in order to complete the task. Furthermore, we are examining whether the speakers of SMG who live in Cyprus have a better perception of the CG geminates, due to their environmental input of CG. We expect to find that speakers of SMG have more incorrect answers than the CG-speaking subjects, and the latter to exhibit no errors. Considering the time needed to complete the test, we assume that SMG speakers will need more time than the CG speakers.

References

Arvaniti, A. 1999. Illustrations of the IPA: Cypriot Greek. Journal of the International Phonetic Association 29: 173-176.

Arvaniti, A. 2001. Cypriot Greek and the phonetics and phonology of geminates. Proceedings of International Conference for Modern Greek Dialects and Linguistic Theory. Patras, 12–14.

Tserdanelis, G. & A. Arvaniti. 2001. The acoustic characteristics of geminate consonants in Cypriot Greek. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Greek Linguistics, 29–36. Thessaloniki: University Studio Press.

Language and Song: Arguments for a Complementary Relationship

Vasilis Christodoulou

Department of English Studies, University of Cyprus

One of the greatest enigmas in the study of human cognition is the origin of natural language. In the face of severe lack of concrete evidence regarding the emergence of language, theorists like Chomsky (1996) and Ulbaek (1998) have approached the matter in conjunction with discontinuity or continuity approaches: language as a chance mutation, or language as an evolved form of primate linguistic precursors. The current paper assumes the latter approach, and draws on the many correlations between language and song, both empirically and theoretically: Aitchison’s (1996) studies on birdsong indicate many processes of birdsong similar to natural language. Musicological studies like Cross and Woodruff (2009) indicate the socio-communicative dimension of music in relevance to culture, theory of mind, and language. These convergences are taken to indicate the human capacity for culture through the complementary agency of the three faculties: music, language, and theory of mind. Furthermore, the existence of tone languages like the Hmong language and the musicality of languages such as Ancient Greek (McWhorter, 2015), as well as the interplay of the two faculties within cognitive impairment environments such as Williams syndrome and Down’s syndrome (Judy Barker, 1999) will be considered, to conclude that a holistic view of these correlations could provide one with insight into the emergence of language, the complementary nature of these domains, and prospects for its development regarding language teaching and the treatment of linguistic impairments.

References

Aitchison, J. (1996). The Seeds of Speech: Language Origin and Evolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Barker, J. (1999). Singing and music as aids to language development and its relevance for children with Down syndrome. Down Syndrome News and Update 1(3): 133–135.

Chomsky, N. (1996). Powers and Prospects. Reflections on human nature and the social order. London: Pluto Press.

Cross, I., & Woodruff, G. (2009). The Prehistory of Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McWhorter, J. (2015). The World’s Most Musical Languages. The Atlantic.

Phoneme restoration of missing speech sounds in Greek

Marina Christofi, Christina Yiannou, Eirini Christodoulidou

Department of English Studies, University of Cyprus

Under some specific conditions, sounds missing from a continuous speech stream can be interpreted by the brain and can be heard clearly. This misleading phenomenon, known as the phonemic restoration effect, which was initially introduced by Richard M. Warren in the 70s (Carroll 2008: 88), unfolds the ability of the brain to recognise speech sounds in noisy situations in everyday life. Actually, phonemic restoration is a phenomenon where a phoneme is replaced by a non-speech sound.

Undergraduate University students, both of male and female gender, participated in the research. Participants were requested to carefully listen to recorded spoken sentences in which some sounds were deleted. If the phoneme is predictable by the context, the participants are certain that they heard the missing sound. If not, then the participants were quite confused.

This research was an attempt to get some new ideas and perspectives based on new findings on the “Phonemic Restoration of Missing Speech Sounds”. In essence it is a reduplication study of other researchers and the aim was to compare this research’s findings with other studies’ results.

References

Carroll, D. W. (2008). Psychology of language. Australia: Thomson/Wadsworth.

Cypriot Greek Geminates in Political Speech

Irene Chrysostomou, Antroula Erotokritou, Christodoulos Nikolaou

Department of English Studies, University of Cyprus

This paper outlines the phonetic phenomenon of gemination in Cypriot Greek (CyGr). By introducing the sociolinguistic concept of social networks and the political context in Cyprus, we analysed speech samples of members from the three main Cypriot political parties, AKEL, DIKO, and DISI. More specifically, we gathered data from three male politicians for each party using high register speech. We extracted tokens of gemination in similar environments from video recordings; more precisely, we extracted 3 tokens from each participant and 9 tokens from each political party in total. These tokens were later analysed using PRAAT to extract accurate measurements. Our initial hypothesis was that the ideology of each party about CyGr will be reflected on the speech patterns of each politician. Our hypothesis was tested and led to a discussion of our findings in relation to the presented theoretical background.

References

Arvaniti, A. (2010). A brief review of Cypriot Phonetics and Phonology. The Greek Language in Cyprus from Antiquity to the Present Day. University of Athens: 107–124.

Demetris Christofias-CV. (n.d.). Retrieved December 5, 2015, from http://‌www.‌mfa.‌gov.‌cy/‌mfa/‌Embassies/‌Embassy_‌Warsaw.‌nsf/‌0/‌C3BF0F3435797B9DC12573FE003502A0/‌\$file/‌Demetris Christofias - CV.pdf

Diplaros, E. (n.d.). Ευθύμιος Δίπλαρος. Retrieved December 5, 2015, from http://‌www.‌diplaros.‌com/‌index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=84&Itemid=704

FACTBOX-Five facts about Cyprus leftist Christofias. (2008, February 17). Retrieved December 5, 2015, from http://www.reuters.com/article/us-cyprus-election-christofias idUSL1768541220080217

Home. (n.d.). Retrieved December 5, 2015, from http://www.diko.org.cy/

Ideology. (2014, March 22). Retrieved December 5, 2015, from http://‌www.‌akel.‌org.‌cy/‌en/‌?page_‌id=‌1488

Papadopoulos Nicholas. (n.d.). Retrieved December 5, 2015, from http://‌www2.‌parliament.‌cy/‌parliamenteng/‌003_02_biography/papadopoulos_nicholas.htm

Paraskeva, M. (2015). Lecture 4 - Classic studies of social variation in language [PowerPoint

slides].

Presidency of the Republic of Cyprus - Curriculum Vitae. (n.d.). Retrieved December 5, 2015, http://‌www.‌presidency.‌gov.‌cy/‌presidency/‌presidency.‌nsf/‌prc01_‌en/‌prc01_‌en?‌opendocum

Ta ɾiˈaʝːa, ɾiˈaʎːa: Aspects of Yeísmo in Cyprus

Demetris Karayiannis, Andreas Pingouras

Department of English Studies, University of Cyprus

Using a modified version of Labov’s (1966) planned interview methodology from his New York study, we tried to find the age distribution of the voiced palatal fricative [ʝː] and palatal lateral approximant [ʎː] allophones in the Cypriot Greek variety of Nicosia residents, and the prevalence of the [ʝː] allophone among Paphos residents when compared to Nicosia residents. The experiment was made up of four parts: a) a list of pictures incorporated in simple sentences b) a list of words c) a poem d) a short narrative. The four parts were randomised, the contents of each individual part, however, were fixed. The entire experiment, including the instructions and any conversation between interviewer and interviewee, was conducted entirely in Cypriot Greek to avoid priming the interviewee into responding in a more formal style. The subjects were divided into four age groups, namely: 18–34, 35–50, 51‍+. Our hypothesis was that there would be no meaningful difference in the distribution of the two allophones between age groups in Nicosia, that the palatal fricative has fallen out of use across all age groups, at least to some extent, and, consequently, that the palatal lateral approximant allophone would have become more prevalent throughout the population when compared to older studies of Cypriot Greek. In Paphos, we postulated that the [ʎː] variant would be much more prevalent, and that the [ʝː] variant would be very rare, as attested by Pappas (2014).

References

Labov, W. (1966). The Social Stratification of English in New York City. Washington: Center for Applied Linguistics.

Pappas, P. A., (2014). The reallocation of [ʝ] in Cypriot Greek. Dialectologia 15, 159–179.

The use of Cypriot Greek in media space

Andrea Kontou, Kyriaki Manoli, Marianna Chatzigianni

Department of English Studies, University of Cyprus

Nowadays, a tendency towards the usage of Cypriot Greek (CG) in the world of media has been observed, which comes in opposition to the dominant perception of Standard Modern Greek (SMG) as the only suitable variety to be used in formal contexts. Accordingly, this study attempts to observe the use of CG and SMG in the media space, as well as the context in which these varieties are used. Throughout this research, it is explored whether CG has gained ground in TV programs and the current prestige of the Cypriot variety. More precisely, three TV programs (“Ola gia sena”, “Xipnisate?”, “Me agapi Christiana”) with informative and entertaining nature, which are shown only on Cypriot TV, have been investigated. The focus has been on the broadcasters’ speech, specifically, on the phenomena of code-mixing and code-switching and on whether they occurred consciously or unconsciously. These phenomena are examined through observation at various linguistic levels such as phonology, morphology and syntax, based on other studies that have also investigated the use of CG in the world of media, such as Tsiplakou & Ioannidou (2012). The findings revealed that the variety mostly used by the broadcasters was Cypriot Standard Greek —the acrolectal pole of CG approximating (but not coinciding with) SMG— and that purely SMG and Cypriot Koine (and sometimes even basilectal CG forms) were clearly used only in specific contexts. A previous similar study conducted by Pavlou (2004) has attempted to evaluate the status of the Cypriot variety, the results of which will be compared with the findings of this study.

References

Armostis, S., Themistocleous, C., Katsoyannou, M., & Christodoulou, K. 2014. Addressing writing system issues in dialectal lexicography: the case of Cypriot Greek. In Dialogue on Dialect Standardization. Newcastle, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 23–38.

Cárdenas-Claros, M.S. & Isharyanti N. 2009. Code switching and code mixing in Internet chatting: between ‘yes’, ‘ya’, and ‘si’ a case study. In Jalt Call Journal (Vol.5), 67–78.

Muysken P. 2000. The Study of code-mixing. Cambridge University Press, 1–10.

Pavlou P. 2004. Greek dialect in the mass media in Cyprus. In International Journal of the Sociology of Language (168), 101–118.

Pavlou, P. 2010. Οι λεξικογραφικές ανάγκες μιας δι-διαλεκτικής κοινότητας και η αντιμετώπισή τους / The lexicographic needs of a bi-dialectal community and the way they are dealt with. In Andreas Voskos, Dionysis Goutsos & Amalia Moser (eds.), Η Ελληνική Γλώσσα στην Κύπρο από την αρχαιότητα ως σήμερα / The Greek language in Cyprus from antiquity to today, 192–210. Athens: University of Athens.

Terkourafi, Marina. 2003. The Cypriot koine: A recent development? Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference of Greek Linguistics, Rethymnon, 18-21 September 2003. Rethymno: Linguistics Lab.

Tsiplakou S. & Ioannidou E. 2012. Stylizing stylization: the case of Aigia Fuxia. Multilingua (31), 277–299.

Greek Heritage Speakers in the USA: An examination of language and identity

Christiana Metaxas

Binghamton University, State University of New York

Research in bilingualism only goes as far back as the 1950s with such studies as Weinreich (1953), Haugen (1953), and Mackey (1967). While there are some studies that explore Greek and English speaking bilinguals in the United States, (Seaman 1972 and Bardis 1976), there is little research that focuses on more recent generations of American-born Greek heritage speakers, many of whom are further removed from their immigrant ancestors. The goal of my research project is to examine the Greek heritage speaking community in the United States. In my paper, I investigate language ability and attitudes towards the heritage and language. Furthermore, I investigate certain phonological realizations that may distinguish an individual as a Greek heritage speaker who was born and grew up in the United States. First, in order to understand the complex linguistic history that contributes to the Hellenic identity, I provide a survey of the Greek language from antiquity to modern-day Greece, and its eventual migration to the United States. Next, I outline the methodology of my study: I conduct an online survey of college-aged Greek-Americans and ten qualitative interviews with Greek-Americans of varying ages. I then report the results and provide an analysis of the data collected. The data identifies participants’ experience with the Greek language, their attitudes towards their Greek-American heritage, and an optional oral section where they are asked to read out loud a list of Greek words. Using the collected data and other informed research, I examine language as a function of identity and investigate a number of phonological phenomena relating to diphthongization, rhotic realization, and palatalization. I compare attitudes about heritage, self-assessed language ability, and pronunciation of Greek words among participants of differing backgrounds and exposure to the Greek language and culture. Lastly, I describe how factors such as exposure to the language and culture may be reflected in Greek language attitudes and pronunciation of heritage speakers. My hope is that this study will inspire further linguistic examination of Modern Greek as a heritage language.

References

Arvaniti, A. (1999). Standard Modern Greek. Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 29(2), 167.

Arvaniti, A. (2007). Greek phonetics; the state of the art. Journal of Greek Linguistics, 8, 97-208. doi: 10.1075/jgl.8.o8arv

Bardis, P. D. (1976). The future of the Greek language in the United States. San Francisco: R and E Research Associates.

Birner, B., & Linguistic Society of America. Bilingualism. Retrieved from http://www.linguisticsociety.org/sites/default/files/Bilingual.pdf

Haugen, E. I.. (1969). The Norwegian language in America: A study in bilingual behavior [2d ed.]. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Horrocks, G. C. (1997). Greek: A history of the language and its speakers. London; New York: Longman.

Mackey, W.F. (1967). Bilingualism as a World Problem. Montreal: Harvest House.

Oh, S. J., Jun, S.-A., Knightly, M. L., & Au, T. K.-F. (2003). Holding on to childhood language memory. Cognition, 86: B53 – B64.

Polinsky, M., & Kagan, O. (2007). Heritage languages: In the ‘wild’ and in the classroom. Language and Linguistics Compass. doi:10.1111/j.1749-818x.2007.00022.x

Psomiades, H. J., Scourby, A., & Zenelis, J. G. (1982). The Greek American community in transition. New York: Pella Pub. Co.

Saloutos, T. (1964). The Greeks in the United States. Cambridge: Cambridge, Harvard University Press.

Seaman, P. D. (1972). Modern Greek and American English in contact. The Hague: Mouton.

Shipp, G. P. (1958). The phonology of Modern Greek. Glotta, 37(3), 233–258.

Warburton, I. (1980). Greek diglossia and some aspects of the phonology of common Modern

Greek. Journal of Linguistics, 16, 45

Weinreich, U. (1979). Languages in contact: Findings and problems (9th printing.. ed.). The Hague; New York: Mouton Publishers.

Φύλο, γλώσσα και κουίαρ ενδεχόμενα: Μια εξερεύνηση μεταμοντέρνων και κουίαρ θεωρητικοποιήσεων και πρακτικών στη γλώσσα

Δέσποινα Μιχαηλίδου

BA Κοινωνιολογία, Πανεπιστήμιο Αιγαίου / Μεταπτυχιακή φοιτήτρια, Σπουδές Φύλου, Πανεπιστήμιο Κύπρου

Σε αυτή την έρευνα, επιχειρώ μια θεωρητική αποτύπωση των έμφυλων διαλέκτων, αναζήτηση των κουίαρ ενδεχομένων της γλώσσας καθώς και αποτύπωση της κριτικής που γίνεται στις προσπάθειες για εξέλιξη της γλώσσας σε σχέση με τα φύλα και ταυτότητες φύλου πέραν του διπόλου, άλλα και στην καταπολέμηση του σεξισμού, της ηγεμονικής αρσενικότητας και πατριαρχίας στην γλώσσα. Εξερευνώ τις μεταμοντέρνες και κουίαρ θεωρητικοποιήσεις και πρακτικές στη γλώσσα, με τρόπο που να είναι συμπεριληπτική για όλα τα φύλα και σεξουαλικότητες.

Αφετηρία της έρευνας αποτελεί η παραδοσιακή και κανονιστική θεώρηση της ύπαρξης οικουμενικής «γυναικείας και αντρικής» γλώσσας στην κοινωνιογλωσσολογία. Ακολούθως, παρατηρώ την καθιέρωση του πλαισίου των έμφυλων διαλέκτων και στη συνέχεια το μεταμοντέρνο πλαίσιο επιτέλεσης του φύλου στη γλώσσα, που αποδεσμεύει το άτομο από τη βιολογία του φύλου και ανοίγει χώρο για ρευστές ανάμεσα στα φύλα, πιο ανατρεπτικές, μη κανονιστικές επιτελέσεις, πάντα αναλόγως πλαισίου. Τέλος, διερευνώ και αποτυπώνω τρόπους αμφισβήτησης της ετεροκανονικής πλαισίωσης της γλώσσας, μέσα στο αναδυόμενο πεδίο της κουίαρ επιστημολογίας, που συμπεριλαμβάνει και την κουίαρ γλωσσολογία (Nelson, 2012· Livia & Kira, 1997).

Μέσα στο πλαίσιο της αναγνώρισης ταυτοτήτων φύλου, πέραν του αρσενικού και θηλυκού, υπάρχουν συζητήσεις και προσπάθειες για το πώς η γλώσσα θα γίνει πιο συμπεριληπτική, ως προς genderqueer, non-binary άτομα κλπ. Επίσης, γίνονται έρευνες σχετικές με τους τρόπους με τους οποίους άτομα εκτός του διπόλου επιτελούν μέσα από τη γλώσσα το φύλο τους (Corwin, 2009). Ταυτόχρονα, σε γλώσσες, όπως π.χ. η ελληνική και η ισπανική, η γλώσσα είναι κατασκευασμένη σε έμφυλες βάσεις και είναι κυρίαρχη η χρήση των αρσενικών καταλήξεων ως κανόνας. Διέπονται δηλαδή αυτές οι γλώσσες από φαλλογοκεντρισμό, όρο που ανέδειξε η Anna Livia (2001), σύμφωνα με τον οποίο η κυριαρχία του αρσενικού φύλου στην γλώσσα θεωρείται ότι συμπεριλαμβάνει όλα τα φύλα και ανθρώπους. Έτσι, γίνονται αόρατα και ως εξαίρεση τα υπόλοιπα φύλα μέσα στη γλώσσα (Gastii, 1990· Briere & Lanktree, 1983· Freilino, Caswell & Laakso, 2011). Στο τελευταίο αυτό μέρος προσπαθώ να αναδείξω αυτές τις πρακτικές και συζητήσεις γύρω από αυτές τις προσπάθειες.

Βιβλιογραφικές αναφορές

Briere, J., & Lanktree, C. (1983). Sex-Role Related Effects of Sex Bias in Language. Sex Roles, Vol. 9, No. 5. University of Manitob - Plenum Publishing Corporation.

Gastii, J. (1990). Generic Pronouns and Sexist Language: The Oxymoronic Character of Masculine Generics. Sex Roles, Vol. 23, Nos. 11/12. University of Wisconsin – Madison.

Freilino, J., Caswell, T. A. & Laakso, E.K. (2011). The gendering of language: A comparison of gender equality in countries with gendered, natural gender and genderless languages. Springer science + Business media.

Livia, A. & Kira, H (eds.) (1997). Queerly phrased. Language, gender and sexuality. New York:Oxford University Press.

Livia, A. (2001). Pronouns Envy. Literary use of linguistic gender. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press.

Nelson, D. C. (2012). Emerging queer epistemologies in studies of ‘gay’ – student discourses. Journal of Language and Sexuality. John Benjamins publishing company. pp. 79-105.

Contrastive study of the French prepositions pendant, depuis, pour

Christina Stylianidou

Department of French and European Studies, University of Cyprus

This paper examines the French prepositions Pendant, Depuis, Pour (During/For, For/Since, For respectively in English), and more specifically how they are expressed as adverbs of time. Since all three adverbs express duration, the learners find difficulties in their use in French, due to the fact that there are differences on how the duration is being expressed between the French language and their mother tongue. For this reason, this work mostly analyzes what their semantic equivalents are through different grammar books and dictionaries. Unfortunately, this does not seem to be helpful for the learners of the French language, since the equivalents do not reflect the grammatical aspect that expresses how the action, denoted by a verb, extends over time, so a contrastive study was carried out from parallel corpora. During the presentation, a general synopsis will be presented of the overall study, by underlying firstly what their equivalents are in Greek; secondly, the main two corpora of the study, Source and Linguee and lastly, the conclusions, with emphasis on the common characteristics and the divergences between the two languages, according to the results from the corpora.

References

Berthonneau, Anne-Marie. 1991. « Pendant et Pour », Variations Sur La Durée Et Donation De La Référence, Langue française 91, p.102-24.

Borillo Andrée.1984. « Pendant et la spécification temporelle de durée », Cahiers de Grammaire 8, p. 57-75.

Choi-jonin, Injoo, Lagae, Véronique. 2001. « Les Emplois Absolus De La Préposition Depuis », Studii de lingvistică 1, p.45-64.

Mozer, Amalia. 2008. “The changing relationship of tense and aspect in the history of Greek”, Language Typology and Universals, p. 61-78.

Vendler Zeno. 1957. “Verbs and times”, Philosophical Review 66, p.143-160.

The Acquisition of Preposition Placement by L1-Cypriot-Greek EFL speakers

Kornilia Theodorou, Georgia Kyriakou, Irene Chrysostomou

Department of English Studies, University of Cyprus

The purpose of the current study is to investigate the acquisition of preposition placement by speakers of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) with Cypriot Greek as their native language (L1). Relevant studies involving EFL speakers have examined the preference between preposition pied-piping and stranding; they have also observed the omission of prepositions, which is considered ungrammatical. A study involving native English speakers (Radford, Felser & Boxell, 2012) has explored yet another pattern of preposition placement, namely preposition doubling; to our knowledge, EFL studies have not addressed this. Therefore, this study aims at investigating the extent to which L1-Cypriot-Greek EFL speakers produce instances of preposition stranding, pied-piping, omission or doubling, as well as which of these they judge as acceptable. First- and fourth-year English-major students at the University of Cyprus whose mother tongue is Cypriot Greek participated in an oral production and a written acceptability judgment task. Both tasks comprised syntactic structures with different clausal complexity (interrogatives vs. relative clauses). The hypotheses are: (a) in the oral production task, both first and fourth year students will omit or double the prepositions, but the former group to a greater extent than the latter; (b) in the acceptability judgment task, both first and fourth year students will accept the structures involving omitted or doubled prepositions, but the former group to a greater extent than the latter; and (c) the clausal complexity will have a stronger effect on first year students in both the production and the acceptability judgment task regarding the omission and/or the doubling of the prepositions.

References

Radford, A., Felser, C. & Boxell, O. (2012). Preposition copying and pruning in present-day English. English Language and Linguistics, 16 (3), 403–426. doi:‌10.‌1017/‌S‌136‌067‌431‌200‌017‌2

Conference Access

CULC takes place at the University of Cyprus, New Campus (Building ΧΩΔ02 Rooms B108 & B109)

How to access the New Campus

1 Panepistimiou Avenue, Aglandjia (Aglantzia)